These are just a few, and many are cooccurring, with one illness impacting on another. All of them can range from being occasionally or mildly disruptive to a person’s life, through to having a serious daily impact. They cause individuals to self-harm, abuse substances and attempt suicide.
There is no single cause for mental illness. It can affect anyone, irrespective of age, race, or social class. Personality, life experiences, and physical health can all play a part in someone developing a mental health problem. Some people are genetically more predisposed to these types of illnesses; whilst others can develop one because of a single violent or shocking incident.
Stress and trauma can be triggers. Whether it happens to the individual themselves, or someone close to them, distressing experiences can have a major effect on physical and mental well-being.
Death, divorce, a chronic health condition, violence, abuse, trauma, workplace stress, and any major change in circumstances, are all potential triggers.
As are, a family history of mental health problems, drug or alcohol abuse, and biological factors such as a chemical imbalance in the brain.
It is also important to remember that a person’s mental health can change over time. Along with experiencing a significant event, individuals can also be affected when the demands placed upon them go beyond their coping abilities. If they must endure long periods of intense pressure, vast responsibility, or excessive stress. For instance, if they are working long hours, caring for a sick relative, or struggling with financial difficulties – any of which can leave individuals depleted and overwhelmed physically and mentally.
Mental health problems are more common than people think, but help is available. People can and do get better, and many recover completely. Treatment often involves therapy and medication, or a combination of the two.
Talk therapies such as cognitive behavioural, which is popular as it teaches an individual to think and behave differently so they are more able to manage or stop triggering episodes.
Medications such as antidepressants which are favoured for depression, these will help balance the chemicals in the brain, impacting on mood. They can also be used as a chemical treatment for anxiety, along with anti-anxiety drugs and beta-blockers. Other prescription drugs are available to treat specific conditions.
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