The following section describes the effects of Cocaine, Cannabis, Heroin and other Opioids and Psychoactive addictive drugs — all of which we treat at Ibiza Calm.
Cocaine is a powerful and addictive stimulant that is obtained by from coca leaves from the Andean mountains of South America. Although it has medical uses as an anaesthetic, cocaine is mostly used illegally for the extreme form of euphoria that it induces.
Cocaine abuse can severely damage the blood vessels, kidneys and increases the risk of a heart attack or brain seizure. It can cause severe stomach pains and a loss of appetite.
Psychologically, it can lead to anxiety, paranoia, psychosis, irritability and insomnia.
Heroin is a drug synthesised from morphine and is one of the most addictive illicit substances available.
While in some country’s heroin is prescribed as an analgesic, it is generally sold illegally and often mixed with, or “cut”, with sugar, powdered milk or even poisons such as strychnine.
Because heroin users do not know the actual strength of the drug, or its true contents, they constantly run the risk of an overdose. Heroin can also diminish the amount of oxygen that reaches the brain, a condition known as Hypoxia. An overdose can lead to heavy breathing, muscle spasms, convulsions and even death.
Fentanyl is heroin’s synthetic cousin; it works by binding to the body’s opioid receptors increasing dopamine levels. The increase of dopamine leaves a feeling of euphoria, relieves pain and decreases the perception of suffering.
Fentanyl is highly addictive and is commonly misused, deviating from its original medical use as a pain killer. Being a respiratory depressant, means it interferes with the uses ability to breathe, leading to fatal overdoes. Other side effects include, nausea, vomiting, chest tightness, mood changes and unsafe withdrawals. It is estimated that Fentanyl is up to 30 times stronger than Heroin.
Oxycodone works in the brain to change how you respond to pain. However, the drug has many similarities to other drugs of abuse including alcohol, heroin, and marijuana, in that they elevate levels of dopamine. Oxycodone is now a commonly overused prescription drug and holds its own risks of adverse side effects with withdrawal symptoms being bothpsychological andphysical.
Methadone is a long-acting opioid, often used as a heroin substitute to maintain Opioid addicts. Its effects may be cumulative and can cause many long-term issues.
Methadone, even in low doses is a special hazard for children; non-dependent adults are also at risk of toxicity; dependent adults are at risk of overdose if tolerance is incorrectly assessed during induction.
Side-effects; Heart arrhythmias; confusion; constipation; dizziness; drowsiness; dry mouth; euphoric mood; flushing; hallucination; headache; hyperhidrosis; hypotension (with high doses); nausea, palpitations; respiratory depression (with high doses); skin reactions; urinary retention; vertigo; visual impairment and withdrawal symptoms.
It is not recommended to detox from these opioids without the help of a medical professional.
Heavy cannabis consumption can lead to addiction. Among the side-effects are changes in sleeping patterns, lethargy, irritable behaviour, paranoia and distortions in the brain’s emotional centre. In addition, studies have linked cannabis to increasing the susceptibility to psychotic behaviour and depression.
Psychoactive addictive drugs
Chemsex drugs – crystal methamphetamine, GHB/GBL and mephedrone, also known as miaow miaow are a group of psychoactive addictive drugs. They are often used in different combinations, which heightens the risk of harmful consequences.
Feelings of enhanced sexual tendencies and personal confidence are associated, alongside the side effects of anxiety, depression, unsafe sex, sexual abuse and fatal overdoses.
Another new trend is Calvin Klein-ing which is a cocaine and Ketamine combination. The term originated from the New York dance scene.
There have been several reported deaths due to overdose. Both drugs carry different dangers including hallucinations, psychosis, heart problems, bladder problems, abdominal pain, and high blood pressure. The risk of overdose increases if you mix cocaine with other drugs or alcohol and taking ketamine can be fatal, particularly if it is mixed with other drugs.
Ketamine in an anesthetic drug and a pain killer, used in medical and veterinary science.
Ketamine is now commonly used recreationally with feelings of euphoria, dissociation, confusion and hallucinations. A popular ‘party drug’ has led to an up rise in addictions and abuse of ketamine, being either snorted or injected. The risks are linked to bladder problems, seizures, depressions, anxiety and heart problems.
Ecstasy and MDMA
MDMA/Ecstasy (powder and pills) effects the brain and the body.
These drugs are commonly referred to as ’party drugs’ and are used across a range of social situations, such as parties, festivals and the house and rave dance scene.
Unfortunately, the dose is not regulated, and the amount taken is unknown, leading to potentially fatal risks. Other side effects can include, paranoia, anxiety, increased sex drive, increased heart rate, panic attacks and hallucinations.